## Double Declining Balance DDB Depreciation However, over the course of an asset’s useful life, its book value will change each year as it depreciates. The value of each change is calculated by subtracting the amount written off from the asset’s book value on its balance sheet. This method of depreciation is especially useful for assets that deteriorate more rapidly in their first few years of use, as the method will reduce deductions as the years go on. As a result, companies will typically choose to use this method of depreciation when dealing with assets that gradually lose value over their useful life. Carrying ValueCarrying value is the book value of assets in a company’s balance sheet, computed as the original cost less accumulated depreciation/impairments. It is calculated for intangible assets as the actual cost less amortization expense/impairments. Accumulated DepreciationThe accumulated depreciation of an asset is the amount of cumulative depreciation charged on the asset from its purchase date until the reporting date.

There are several methods to account for depreciation, the most common one being the straight-line method of depreciation. Tim worked as a tax professional for BKD, LLP before returning to school and receiving his Ph.D. from Penn State. He then taught tax and accounting to undergraduate and graduate students as an assistant professor at both the University of Nebraska-Omaha and Mississippi State University. Tim is a Certified QuickBooks Time Pro, QuickBooks ProAdvisor for both the Online and Desktop products, as well as a CPA with 25 years of experience. He most recently spent two years as the accountant at a commercial roofing company utilizing QuickBooks Desktop to compile financials, job cost, and run payroll. Even though year five’s total depreciation should have been \$5,184, only \$4,960 could be depreciated before reaching the salvage value of the asset, which is \$8,000.

## Double Declining Balance Method Formula

Also, most assets are utilized at a consistent rate over their useful lives, which does not reflect the rapid rate of depreciation resulting from this method. Further, this approach results in the skewing of profitability results into future periods, which makes it more difficult to ascertain the true operational profitability of asset-intensive businesses. Download the free Excel double declining balance template to play with the numbers and calculate double declining balance depreciation expense on your own! The best way to understand how it works is to use your own numbers and try building the schedule yourself. For specific assets, the newer they are, the faster they depreciate in value. As these assets age, their depreciation rates slow over time.

• The book value of \$64,000 multiplied by 20% is \$12,800 of depreciation expense for Year 3.
• Then come back here—you’ll have the background knowledge you need to learn about double declining balance.
• Most assets are used consistently over their useful life; thus, depreciating them at an accelerated rate does not make sense.
• Accumulated depreciation is the cumulative depreciation of an asset up to a single point in its life.

We refer to this number of years as the asset’s useful life. One cannot deny the contributions of long-term assets such as buildings, machinery, and equipment to a business’s revenue generation. If the beginning book value is equal with the salvage value, don’t apply the DDB rate. Instead, compute the difference between the beginning book value and salvage value to compute the depreciation expense. Eric is a staff writer at Fit Small Business and CPA focusing on accounting content. He spends most of his time researching and studying to give the best answer to everyone.

## Example of Double-Declining-Balance Depreciation

The double declining balance method describes an approach to accounting for the depreciation of fixed assets where the depreciation expense is greater in the initial years of the asset’s assumed useful life. The Double Declining Balance Method is a form of accelerated depreciation in which the annual depreciation expense is greater during the earlier stages of the fixed asset’s useful life.

• It’s a good way to see the formula in action—and understand what kind of impact double declining depreciation might have on your finances.
• The DDB depreciation method causes an asset to depreciate far more quickly than it would under the straight-line depreciation method.
• Useful Life Assumption → The useful life assumption is the implied number of years in which a fixed asset is assumed to provide economic benefits to the company.
• This isn’t necessarily a problem, but it can make it more complicated to do things like accurately predict your company’s future profits and expenses.
• The declining balance method is one of the two accelerated depreciation methods and it uses a depreciation rate that is some multiple of the straight-line method rate.

Mary Girsch-Bock is the expert on accounting software and payroll software for The Ascent. At the beginning of Year 4, the asset’s book value will be \$51,200. Therefore, the book value of \$51,200 multiplied by 20% will result in \$10,240 of depreciation expense for Year 4. This post is to be used for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal, business, or tax advice. Each person should consult his or her own attorney, business advisor, or tax advisor with respect to matters referenced in this post.

## What is the Double Declining Balance (DDB) Depreciation Method

“factor” defaults to 2, double declining balance method. Changing the value of “factor” can be accomplished using our Declining Balance Method Depreciation Calculator. When double declining balance method does not fully depreciate an asset by the end of its life, variable declining balance method might be used instead. A variation on this method is the 150% declining balance method, which substitutes 1.5 for the 2.0 https://www.bookstime.com/ figure used in the calculation. The 150% method does not result in as rapid a rate of depreciation at the double declining method. The DDB method records larger depreciation expenses during the earlier years of an asset’s useful life, and smaller ones in later years. Not all assets are purchased conveniently at the beginning of the accounting year, which can make the calculation of depreciation more complicated.

### Is there a downside to using DDB depreciation?

There are a couple. First, the IRS does not permit the use of double declining balance depreciation for tax purposes, but it does allow MACRS, which is similar to DDB.

That means you get the biggest tax write-offs in the years right after you’ve purchased vehicles, equipment, tools, real estate, or anything else your business needs to run. The declining balance method is one of the two accelerated depreciation methods and it uses a depreciation rate that is double declining balance method some multiple of the straight-line method rate. The double-declining balance method is a type of declining balance method that instead uses double the normal depreciation rate. The two most common accelerated depreciation methods are double-declining balance and the sum of the years’ digits.

## Computing Depreciation Using the DDB Depreciation Method

Some assets make you more money right after you buy them. (An example might be an apple tree that produces fewer and fewer apples as the years go by.) Naturally, you have to pay taxes on that income. But you can reduce that tax obligation by writing off more of the asset early on. If the asset for which you are calculating depreciation contains an averaging convention, LN adjusts the depreciation expense for the first half year, quarter, or month calculation. This is the rate that we will use to compute the depreciation expense for the period. Because of this, it would only be appropriate to record higher depreciation expenses in their early years. What DDB does though is that it allocates more depreciation expense in the asset’s early years at the cost of lesser depreciation in its later years.